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Es un honor para mi el que visites mi página y espero que descubras algo que pueda interesarte. Además de reproducir los breves artículos de opinión que en días alternos publico en el diario El Progreso de Lugo, sobre variados temas del día a día, también procuro insertar pinceladas de actualidad, de contenido histórico (no al uso) o costumbrista para hacer más amenos los textos, viajes..., aparte de incluir algunos enlaces que pueden ser útiles en determinados momentos. También os invito a seguirme. Un saludo cordial desde la romana y amurallada ciudad de Lugo, la Lucus Augusti, en España.

miércoles, 28 de abril de 2010

Anecdotario del franquismo: Julio Rodríguez, ministro por equivocación


En el régimen de Franco se sucedieron numerosas anécdotas y hechos insólitos, pero ninguno tan extraño como el haber sido nombrado un ministro por error, al no entenderse el Caudillo y Carrero Blanco, a la sazón jefe del Ejecutivo. 
Se trata de Julio Rodríguez Martínez, que ejerció la cartera de Educación y Ciencia entre el 9 de junio de 1973 al 3 de enero de 1974, fecha en que fue destituido, periodo corto pero suficiente como para que alcanzase notoriedad por sus sorprendentes decisiones, como por ejemplo el haber cambiado el calendario escolar haciéndolo coincidir con el año natural, lo que provocó el caos académico. Se le conoció como 'calendario juliano'. Tras la muerte de Carrero se presentó en la Dirección General de Seguridad pidiendo un puesto en la milicia que estaba seguro se iba a organizar para vengar el asesinato por parte de ETA.
Su nombramiento surgió por lo visto al comentar Carrero con Franco, cuando primero formaba el Gobierno, que le faltaba por cubrir Educación. El Caudillo le dijo que por qué no nombraba a "ese rector de la universidad madrileña que era tan inteligente", refiriéndose al filósofo Muñoz Alonso, pero carrero entendió que se trataba del titular de otra universidad madrileña y llamó al que la dirigía, Julio Rodríguez. Cuando se detectó el error era demasiado tarde porque ya había publicado en el Boletín Oficial del Estado y, además, apareció en la prensa la foto de Julio Rodríguez celebrando el nombramiento con toda su familia.
Rodríguez había nacido en Armilla (Granada) el 25 de abril de 1928 y falleció en Santiago de Chile el 29 de enero de 1979. Fue doctor en Ciencias y en Farmacia por la Universidad de Madrid, catedrático de Cristalografía y Mineralogía en el Universidad de Salamanca y en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, de la que también fue rector. Pertenecía al Opus Dei y fue procurador en Cortes entre 1971 y 1977.e fue cesado poco después, el 3 de enero de 1974.
La reforma de Julio Rodríguez Martínez establecía el comienzo del curso académico el 7 de enero de cada año, finalizando a finales del mes de diciembre. El cambio, que solamente se llevó a cabo para primero de carrera en todas las universidades españolas (que debiendo empezar en octubre de 1973 esperaron hasta enero de 1974) produjo el rechazo de la comunidad universitaria y de la administración de la época. La orden ministerial que implantaba el cambio fue derogada a los pocos meses por un Decreto Ministerial de su sucesor en el cargo, Cruz Martínez Esteruelas, volviendo todas las facultades universitarias españolas a recuperar el calendario ordinario al curso siguiente.

16 comentarios:

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El disparate es que ustedes crean que d. Julio fue ministro por equivocación ya que fuentes fidedignas aseguran que impresiono tanto por su preparación y por su curriculum a Carrero blanco que salió ministro de educación y ciencia de aquella reunión a falta de la confirmación protocolaria . Que mas quisieran los ministros de ahora tener el curriculum que tenía d. Julio rodriguez Martínez .y otra cosa, el calendario juliano fue aprobado en junta de rectores por motivos que veo ustedes desconocen y funciona perfectamente en países mucho mas avanzados que españa en lo que educación se refiere. Que pena que intenten escribir la historia gente tan indocumentada.

Anónimo dijo...

Fue el historiador d. Ricardo de la cierva quien primero publico que a d. Julio le habían elegido por equivocación. D. Ricardo de la cierva le pidió a d. Julio un puesto importante en el ministerio y d. Julio le contesto educadamente que ese puesto ya lo tenía pensado para otra persona. Fue esta frustración de d. Ricardo de la cierva lo que le llevo a decir que a d. Julio le habían elegido por equivocación. No me extraña que lo primero que le dicen a los estudiantes de historia es que no lean a d. Ricardo de la cierva.

Anónimo dijo...

Fue d. Ricardo de la cierva el primero en publicar que a d. Julio le habían elegido por equivocación. D. Ricardo de la cierva pidió a d. Julio un puesto importante en el ministerio y este le respondió educadamente que ese puesto lo tenía pensado para otra persona. Fue esta frustración de d. Ricardo de la cierva lo que le llevo a escribir en libros de historia que a d. Julio le habían elegido por equivocación. No es de extrañar que lo primero que le dicen a los estudiantes de historia es que no lean a d. Ricardo de la cierva.

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